29-12-1906 Jung to Freud

9 J

Burghölzli Zurich, 29. XII. 1906.

Honored Professor!

I sincerely regret having caused you, just me, much trouble. I understand that you can not be satisfied with anything less than my book (1), because I treat your search with too little regard. I am perfectly aware of this. My overriding principle at the time of writing was : respects to the public German scholar. If you do not bother to submit any that seven-headed monster so appetizing on a plate, it does not accept, what we've seen on countless occasions. This is why it is absolutely in the interests of the cause to heed all the elements that are likely to whet your appetite. For the time being, Unfortunately, there must be a certain reserve and a semblance of independent judgment regarding your research. This is what determined the general character of my writing. The more specific your opinions corrections are certain points that seem to me other than you. This is probably due : I. That my material is totally different from yours. I work in conditions made terribly difficult in the mentally ill generally uneducated, and more about the extremely refractory material of dementia praecox. II. My education, my community and my scientific premises are all extremely different cases of yours, III. My experience is extremely thin in front of yours, IV. As for the quantity and quality of psychoanalytic gift, it should probably also be a significant difference in your favor. A V. the lack of personal contact with you, this unfortunate gap in my education is a circumstance which must play a significant role. For these reasons, I consider the views of my book as absolutely provisional and is simply introductory. As you I am extraordinarily grateful for criticism, even if it is not very sweet to hear, because what is missing here is the opposition, I mean of course an authorized opposition. I deeply regret that your interesting letter was so soon interrupted.

You have found the weaknesses of my dream analysis (2). I do not know in fact much more than I have said about the material and the dream thoughts. I know perfectly the dreamer : this is me. The’ "Failure of rich marriage (3) "Key something essential, which is undoubtedly contained in the dream, only in a manner somewhat different from what you think. My wife (4) is rich. I firstly turned down, for various reasons, when I made my request; later I had his approval and I got married. I am happy with my wife in all respects (not only by optimism), which of course does not preclude such dreams. There is therefore no sexual failure, but a social failure. The explanation screen, "Sexual restraint", is simply, as I said, movement at hand, in the background stands an illegitimate sexual desire, which is better not to see the light of day. A defining the small rider, that awakens first in analyzing the performance of my head, is the desire of a boy (because we have two girls (5)). My boss is determined because it has two boys (6). I could not find anywhere infant root. I also feel that the "package" is insufficiently clarified. But I do not know the interpretation. So, that the dream is not completely analyzed, I still thought I could use to illustrate the symbolism of dreams. It is true that the analysis and the use of his own dreams is always a tricky thing, because we always succumb again inhibitions emanating from dream, still is believed to be as objective as possible.

Regarding the notion of "indistinct (7) » *, I understand that you must appear unsympathetic to your point of view. This is a concept that does not prejudge too much, and does not seem to me not as the last word. Its advantages are as yet : I. in the psychology of Wundt (8), it mediates, and 2. it is a pictorial comparison, allowing common sense to also enter the consequences deduced from the concept. I think it illuminates simply the’ ability to move [Displacement] expression without say where or when to. Finally, we might also say representation "poor associations" instead of "indistinct". However, I prefer "indistinct". I do not know if there is an error of principle behind it. For now you are the only one to decide. But please, do not think that I tend to all price differentiate myself from you by differing opinions can. I say things as I understand it and as I think they are just. Differentiation also come too late, because the great gentlemen of psychiatry have forsaken me. Simply they read in a report that I have defended your point of view. The Aschaffenburg conference enormously raised the atmosphere against you. In the face of these considerable challenges, there is probably nothing more than the dose refracts (9) and another form of the drug.

Your fully committed


1. About the psychology of dementia praecox ; an attempt [The psychology of dementia praecox; un essai], Carl Marhold, Halle A.Ş., 1907; the preface is dated "July 1906 ». [Is in G.W., 3.] Cf. 69 J, n. 2. The letter of thanks from Freud, where he comments on the book, was not retained.

2. Üabout the psychology of dementia praecox G.W., 3, § 123-133. The dream is to § 123 : "I live like horses hoisted by thick ropes to an indefinite height. One, un fort cheval brown, which was tied in belts and transported up as a package, struck my attention, when suddenly the rope broke and the horse was thrown into the street. He must be dead. He however jumped and went galloping. I noticed that the horse was dragging behind him a heavy tree trunk and was surprised that it still moving as fast. He had apparently taken the bit in his teeth and could easily cause an accident. Then came a rider on a pony, who walked slowly in front of the runaway horse, which then also somewhat moderated its pace. However, I still feared that the horse jumped over the rider, when a carriage came, who began to move in front of the rider not, moderating the pace of the horse still packed. I thought then : Now all is well, the danger is past. »

3. Probably a quote from the letter lost Freud

4. Emma Jung, born Rauschenbach (1882-1955).

5. Agathe («Agathli»), born in 1904, a Gret («Grethli»), born in 1906.

6. Manfred Bleuler, born in 1903, psychiatrist deemed, like his father, a professor at the University of Zurich and director of the asylum Burghölzli, of 1942 at 1969. Cf. also 188 F, n. 2. Richard Bleuler (1905-1973), who studied agronomy at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich and spent most of his life in Morocco as a farmer and agronomist.

7. Cf. Young, G.W., 3, § 133-135.

8. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), professor of psychology and physiology at Leipzig; his famous work in the field of experimental psychology announce the association experiments Jung.

9. "In split and repeated doses".

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