31-03-1907 Jung to Freud

17 J

Burghölzli Zurich, 31. III. 1907.

Honored Professor!

This time in any case you pulled your conclusions length of my reaction time. I've had so far a strong resistance against the writing, because until very recently raised complex in Vienna were still in turmoil. Now the only thing is a little thinning, so I hope to be able to write you a letter about reasonable.

The most difficult piece, your broader theory of sexuality, is now somewhat understood and proven in various case studies contact. With respect to the general, I recognize that you are right. autoerotism as the essence of dementia praecox, this appears to me more and more important as a deepening of our knowledge, I do not yet measure the limits. Your criteria the acute stage should also be accurate; their demonstration, however, still faces great difficulties, mainly technical : the d. pr. allows only poor perception of personality. Case must also be presented quite differently depending on whether the "withdrawal of the libido" takes place in a complex accessible to consciousness or unconscious in a complex. The relationship between infantilism and self-eroticism also gain more clarity. I am now further reduced to think independently, the fact that the resistance in the Pr Bleuler are now brighter than ever. He challenges including the intentional nature of the dream, this is equivalent to denying the masquerade complexes, is in fact the main part of the interpretation of dreams. Against the analysis of dreams, its associations also, Bleuler has enormous unconscious resistance, you can hardly overcome. In my frequent discussions with Bleuler, it has also become quite clear to me that the term "libido", and generally all terms transferred from sexuality to broader conceptual field (terms which are certainly undoubtedly justified), are ambiguous to say the least and non-instructional. It even causes them directly by emotional inhibitions, which ren-dent lesson not. And I had such digressions do the larger image to give Bleuler what you mean by "libido". Would it not conceivable, with respect to the restricted concept of sexuality that is currently accepted, book of sexual terms only to extreme forms of your "libido" and prepare for a collective concept is a little less offensive to all the libidines? M. Rank (1) also presupposes simply expanded concept of sexuality and this so that I, who am your thinking intensively over 4 years, I find it difficult to grasp. The audience for which M. Rank wrote not capture all the. Should once and explain with countless examples of varying intensity of the relationship libidinous sensitive subject. In this way the public could gradually see to what extent justifies the use of this terminology. (Especially "pansexuality" [Allsexualität »]!) It was also at Rank uncomfortable feeling that jurat in verba magistri (2), and it lacks empirical. In reading I have more than once thought of Schelling and Hegel. However, your teaching is pure empiricism and should be introduced as empirically. At least is this image that I'm, as my noblest task. This is why I seek to illustrate these methods of psychoanalysis as the most accurate. I hope this one found by your popular science teaching. One of my future work will be to represent the dreams of desire in dementia praecox as an important empirical material. When this work then and similar will be completed, Only then I hope to bring a bit of the theory of sexuality. For the "confirma-tion" subjective, dreams are indeed, as you say, the best thing, I have again seen recently in some fine examples. Doubts about the rightness of your doctrine not pursue me more. My stay in Vienna, which was actually an event in the fullest sense of the word, dispelled the last shadows of doubt. Binswanger has already alluded to the deep impression I gained from you. I do not want to talk about, but my work will show for your cause, I hope, what what veneration and gratitude I have for you. I hope and dream that we can even greet you at Zurich in the summer or fall. You would make me personally very pleased by your visit, because the few hours I have spent with you were unfortunately too short.

Riklin (3) promised me to send you his work on stories once completed. Some time will elapse until then, it is true.

Trout (4) has recently come to Zurich. I did interview on this occasion by a friend. It is revealed that he has not the slightest idea of ​​you and he criticized my work not reflect enough hypnotism. This is where lies the hare.

Receive, and Mrs. and your family, my thank-offs warmest, as well as those of my wife, for the reception so lovely that we had at home.

Recognizing your


1. Otto Rank (1886-1939), was originally called Rosenfeld, but changed his name because of his conflict with his father. He was of 1906 at 1915 the secretary of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Association, which he wrote the protocols. His book The artist ; Approach to sexual psychology [The artist; a sexual psychology test] appeared in the spring of 1907. He was promoted 1912 Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Vienna. Rank was the first non-medical analyst, and founding member of the "Committee". See the instructions after the letter 321 J. He turned to psychoanalysis in the early 1920; he lived in the United States of 1935 his death.

2. "We swear by the words of the master. "Refers to the disciples of Pythagoras. (Horace, Epistulae, The, 1, 14.)

3. Franz Riklin (1878-1938), of 1902 at 1904 Burghölzli psychiatrist and colleague of Jung Association for experiments. Their results were published in common 1905 under the title Experimental investigations on the associations Healthy. [Experimental research on healthy men's groups], G.W., 1. Of 1904 at 1909 doctor at the clinic Rheinau (cf. Walser, Rheinau). Married to a sine-neck Jung; Jung followed after the break with Freud latter, but not practiced analysis. - The work was promised Wish fulfillment and symbolism in fairy tales [Fulfillment of desire and symbolic tale], collection Journals in applied psychology, fasc. 2, 1908.

4. Auguste Henri Forel (1848-1931), psychiatrist, psychologist and ento-Swiss mologiste, Pays de Vaud; Bleuler predecessor to the direction of Burghölzli, he acquired a reputation for his work on hypnosis. At the head of the anti-alcohol, and opponent of psychoanalysis. He had made 1899 a conference during celebrations of the tenth anniversary of Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts. Cf. instructions after 154 F.

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