15-11-1914 Jones to Freud

15 November 1914

69 Portland Court, London

Dear Professor,

Martin, I believe, leaves for Russia 28 November. He sent me a card pos-tal you, as V. Emden, and I received the letter of your friend archaeologist1. Received today Jekels, via In. Emden, his article on Napoleon2, that interest me at the highest point ; would you be kind enough to thank, because I did not address, I would be greatly obliged if you could send me magazines, whose Yearbook, via In. Emden ; Dr Bishop3 will visit him and go look for them during his next visit to The Hague. Loe and I also share all the letters, etc., we get, so as to have the latest news to you and your family. We especially look forward to hearing your son's fate, and know what happens Rank and Sachs.

I would give much to have an hour with you, I fear that we should postpone until summer 1916, perhaps, and I do not know about how to start a letter. I sincerely hope that you can distract some attention from the war, and focus on more productive tasks, ensure that the writings that come out of your increased leisure compensate, to a certain extent, other things (what Ferenczi called nachkriechende lust (4)). What the article on hysteria for Manual5? The same, What are you writing for Image ? I wrote to Payne to offer him a hand in the translation of the historical essay, if it agrees with Brill. You say it appears in the journal of Prince, pen-but I know it was in the Review of Jelliffe6. Janet has republished the statement of Congress Transactions in own Journal of Psychology and review of Prince7. It did not make any correction to its exposed fault, and I drafted a response that should appear in the December of Journal of Abnormal Psychology (8). As you can imagine, it is liberal, and calculated to affect his reputation in America.

We had only one meeting of our company since July, Here are fifteen. It was stormy. Constance Long read a text stupid Jung, announcing discoveries of its kind : a car in a dream symbolizes enthusiasm ; and when I criticized this communication, Eder and his wife behaved with the greatest obstinacy. I wished that there was more meetings until the end of the war, or at least one year (in the hope that theologians gradually take their distance and eventually withdraw), but after a lively discussion it was decided that the next meeting will take place in late January ; I present a paper on the views of Jung. The opinion they defend is that the method is a variant of Jung, and self changes, PS-A, and the difference between his views and ours is not great as to exclude any collaboration, My opinion to the contrary from the stubbornness and dogmatism9. Unfortunately, there's nobody on my side, hormis Bryan, who does not know much, most members being passive spectators rather. But you can be sure I will do my best to defend our colors.

I get occasional German newspapers, and I knew and what our press says about poverty and cholera in Vienna in Galicia was greatly exaggerated. In return, I ask you to believe that the Bank of England has not been destroyed by bombs, to l’ Egypt and India have not revolted, our coasts and have not been bombed by the German fleet ! There is no animosity here against Austria, the idea being that it has been exploited by Germany. A distinction is made between smart Prussia and the rest, and resentment is great against his brutal arrogance and disregard for conventions of The Hague. There are many "sekundäre Bearbeitung" in the matter, and the low value of German science was discovered by the war, the same way that some people we could mention renounced their belief in infantile sexuality as pretexts for irrelevant. Personally, I find it very difficult to see the lack of objectivity even scientists have demonstrated both on other issues causes, the mobile and the conduct of war. Wundt et Eucken, could imagine, Ostwald more10 ! It seems to me that here, as elsewhere, the only ones who have a real opportunity to show their superiority in this respect are psychoanalysts. I hope we can learn something of the psychology of nationalism and patriotism, As the time is ripe to consider a matter of such importance, and I am sure that you spend much of your attention. So it seems to me, I think I can keep a pretty good balance between the arguments of both sides, and the only real reason [for which I11] I can give my desire that our side wins, is that, generally, the average Englishman me closer and friendlier than the average German, especially the Prussian way. It is hard to see how vital principle is at stake in the conflict, which is in fact quite childish : it is to see who is the strongest, and we can not agree on this point without resorting to showdown. Beyond a great pugnacity abreaction, I do not think much will come out of the war, because obviously Germany can not win, any more than it really can not be overwritten, and even though the Bosnia, Galicia and Alsace are swapped, the matter is not of great importance. But it is as if Germany were to keep a lasting hatred of England, This is unfortunate but seemingly inevitable.

I would love to have some insight into your personal attitude towards the war, and how far you are concerned. The fact that your son is involved are of course likely to make a big difference.

On a personal level, little nine. Customer continues to in-crease, but I find the time to do something else. I finished my book on the treatment and I am now tackling the translation of articles Ferenczi12. After that, Napoleon is perhaps, the atmosphere is conducive to such subjects, then the big book lay on the Ps-A13. I see quite often Loe. It has physical trouble now, but she is happy and, generally, elle va bien ; his new home will be ready around January. My health was poor (toxic neuritis and arthritis), but I hope to remedy next month by surgery to remove the septum, nasal turbinates, and an exploration of the cave - which mean two weeks of hospitalization. I am delighted to learn that our circle has decided not to consider me an enemy, and see that they were able to correct the tendency to irrational unconscious Verdichtung that would allow them to do otherwise. For my part, I did not me no difficulty to separate the personal friendship of the national rivalry.

This letter does not contain any military secret, I hope it arrives safely, and it is with great anticipation that I await your next letter. Be good enough to convey my warm greetings to the Committee and yours, while keeping you the warmest.

You faithfully Jones.

  1. For a more detailed evocation of this first period of the war, see Jones (1955 a, p. 173-174; 1955 b, p. 194-195).
  2. Jekels (1914).
  3. Perhaps Francis R. B. Bite Hopp, M.D. 1892, London.
  4. In his notes and fragments 2 November 1932, Ferenczi uses the term Nachkriechen of lust (fun crawling back pain) ; see Ferenczi (1932, p. 277 ; 1955, p. 265).
  5. See letter 200, note 7.
  6. Jones evokes longer episode Brill (1916 b) in the letter 208.
  7. Janet (1914).
  8. Jones (1915 b) ; but see also Freud (1916 and).
  9. Jones wrote dogmaticness, instead of dogmatism, then removed cness to add sm.
  10. Throughout the month of October 1914, scholars and scientists on both sides had made statements on the legitimacy of their respective causes. The manifesto of German professors, published in the Frankfurter Zeitung of 4 October 1914, was signed by 93 members of the German intellectual elite, dont Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), professor of physiology at Leipzig and founder of experimental psychology; Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846-1926), professor of philosophy at Jena, idealistic, pricing Nobel de littérature (1908) ; et Wilhelm Ostwald (1853-1932), Professor of Chemistry at Leipzig, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1909). Voir Klaus Schwabe, Science and morale : The German professor and the main political issues of the First World War, Göttingen, Pattern Schmidt, 1969, p. 22 ; ainsi que Hermann Kellermann, The War of the Ghosts : A selection of German and foreign voices to world wars 1914, Weimar, Home & World, 1915, p. 64-69.

The British response, Reply to German Professors : Reasoned Statement by British Scholars, appeared in the Times of 21 October 1914, p. 10. Jones has also probably noticed the personal positions of various scientists. The 5 October 1914, for example, the Times Publia en page 9 a short letter Eucken, addressed in America, where it stated that, "Never, in the history, Germany had been so united and so great… Everything grows to take up arms. The bitterness is stronger against England. She will forever be regarded as our worst enemy, and that is the end of our time together intellectual incalculable ". The same, the 31 October 1914, in p. 7, the Times reported visit to Stockholm Pr Ostwald, came as a delegate to a new association for the promotion of the League "Kultur" German. In 1910, the same Ostwald Freud had asked for an article Annals of Natural Philosophy, but the case remained there. See McGuire (1974, p. 315, 322) Jones and (1955a p. 78 ; 1955 b, p. 86-87).

11. Lined in the original.

12. Jones (1920 b, 1916 b).

13. None of this work was completed.

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